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Old 03-23-2016, 11:33 AM   #381
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So, wonder why Apple is paranoid? Cisco isn't happy either.

Apple moves to bring iCloud infrastructure in-house predicated by backdoor fears - report

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Apple's fears center around the possibility that infrastructure equipment could be intercepted by third parties between the time it leaves the manufacturer and the time it arrives at Apple's datacenters, according to The Information. The company believes that malicious actors could be adding new or modified components that would enable unauthorized access.
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While it may never be known who the targets were, information revealed by NSA leaker Edward Snowden revealed the existence of government programs designed to do exactly the thing Apple fears.

The National Security Agency's Tailored Operations Access unit was, and may still be, tasked with redirecting shipments of servers and routers headed for targeted organizations to government facilities. The packages would be opened, compromised firmware installed, and then the packages re-sealed and delivered.

One NSA manager described the program as "some of the most productive operations in TAO because they pre-position access points into hard target networks around the world."

Photos which accompanied the leaks showed intelligence agency workers modifying Cisco gear, infuriating the networking giant. Cisco later announced that it would address shipments to empty houses to avoid government tracking.
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Old 03-23-2016, 12:29 PM   #382
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In other news, FBI is believed to be working with Cellbrite, a subsidiary of a Japanese company located in Israel, to crack the San Bernadino iPhone. The company specializes in forensics.

What does it say that the FBI goes to an Israeli company instead of the NSA?
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Old 03-23-2016, 12:57 PM   #383
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What does it say that the FBI goes to an Israeli company instead of the NSA?
Different skill set?
--This isn't an encryption challenge.
-- The target isn't "information on the move" it is about "information at rest"

Anyway, if Cellbrite is involved, in practice Apple's actions have played a part in motivating USG backing and sponsorship to a foreign entity for the purpose of defeating the security features on existing Apple products. Maybe this foreign entity would have developed it anyway. And, I'm hoping the agreement between Cellbrite and the FBI precludes any disclosure to Apple of how it was done--maybe they'll know, maybe they won't, but if the USG paid for the work, Apple shouldn't get any competitive advantage from it.
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Old 03-23-2016, 02:16 PM   #384
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18 March: Salah Abdeslam is arrested in Brussels. He's in custody for four days when three of his likely associates killed 31 people and injured 273 more in that same city.
If I'm Apple's PR guy, I'm hoping that Abdeslam wasn't in possession of an iPhone 5 when he was arrested, as it could do some real harm to my company's principled "we're above helping" campaign. Four days might have been enough time to round up a lot of Abdeslam's pals--if the authorities had compete access to the contents of his phone.
Anyway--there's no reporting that Abdeslam had an iPhone, so Apple may avoid a firestorm.
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Old 03-23-2016, 03:16 PM   #385
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And, I'm hoping the agreement between Cellbrite and the FBI precludes any disclosure to Apple of how it was done--maybe they'll know, maybe they won't, but if the USG paid for the work, Apple shouldn't get any competitive advantage from it.
As with previous cracks, Cellebrite will offer products for sale built on this technique for various applications. The technique must be reviewed by outside experts and verified to meet requirements of the court for the production of evidence.
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Old 03-23-2016, 03:45 PM   #386
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For the Paris attacks which Abdeslam masterminded, they used burner phones with SMS messages in the clear, completely unencrypted.

Even if they had the master key for iPhones, the authorities weren't going to stop that attack like Jack Bauer, because the problem is resources.

They were saying the Belgian counterintelligence simply can't track all the suspects. Some of them are using 21 cheap phones. So how many people are going to monitor each of those lines for each of those suspects?

European muslims could drive almost all the way to Damascus, or at least drive to Turkey and cross over other ways. That said, there were like 6000 European muslims who went to Syria in the last few years and of those, 1500 came back.

So tracking all those is a resource problem, has nothing to do with encrypted iPhones or iPhones in general.

People who think they can monitor thousands of communications in real-time out of the millions which are going on at any minute has been watching too much movies.
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Old 03-23-2016, 03:52 PM   #387
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For the Paris attacks which Abdeslam masterminded, they used burner phones with SMS messages in the clear, completely unencrypted.

...

So tracking all those is a resource problem, has nothing to do with encrypted iPhones or iPhones in general.

People who think they can monitor thousands of communications in real-time out of the millions which are going on at any minute has been watching too much movies.
Correct me if I'm wrong, but the Apple-FBI case has nothing to do with resources to monitor communications (encrypted or otherwise). The FBI wants the data on that San Bernadino iPhone (contact, sources, etc), that might be useful (and likely less so as time goes on).

-ERD50
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Old 03-23-2016, 04:05 PM   #388
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Correct me if I'm wrong, but the Apple-FBI case has nothing to do with resources to monitor communications (encrypted or otherwise). The FBI wants the data on that San Bernadino iPhone (contact, sources, etc), that might be useful (and likely less so as time goes on).

-ERD50
Right, I've got no idea why anyone is clouding the discussion with talk of monitoring (unless they are just confused). And, similarly, if when he was arrested Abdeselem had a phone with call histories to phones (burner phones or not--makes no difference) in Brussels, that info might have been used by authorities to stop the attacks that eventually occurred. Especially if the police do the smart thing and don't publicize his arrest immediately.
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Old 03-23-2016, 04:08 PM   #389
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Especially if the police do the smart thing and don't publicize his arrest immediately.
I've had experience with the Brussels cops (all good ) and I have extremely high regard for their professionalism.
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Old 03-23-2016, 05:05 PM   #390
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Someone else brought up the Brussels attacks, as if unlocking an iPhone would have prevented them.
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Old 03-23-2016, 05:19 PM   #391
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18 March: Salah Abdeslam is arrested in Brussels. He's in custody for four days when three of his likely associates killed 31 people and injured 273 more in that same city.
If I'm Apple's PR guy, I'm hoping that Abdeslam wasn't in possession of an iPhone 5 when he was arrested, as it could do some real harm to my company's principled "we're above helping" campaign. Four days might have been enough time to round up a lot of Abdeslam's pals--if the authorities had compete access to the contents of his phone.
Anyway--there's no reporting that Abdeslam had an iPhone, so Apple may avoid a firestorm.

According to some reports I saw on TV, they did not have to look at his phone as he was talking...

And they said they moved up the bombing because he was talking.... so it seems that a phone is not involved in this at all...
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Old 03-23-2016, 05:41 PM   #392
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Someone else brought up the Brussels attacks, as if unlocking an iPhone would have prevented them.
Yes, under some circumstances unlocking an iPhone could provide information that would allow the foiling of the subsequent attacks that occurred in Brussels. I do not know if these circumstances apply in this case.
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Old 03-24-2016, 04:53 PM   #393
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For folks still following this story, it looks like the FBI simply purchased the latest forensic recovery software from Cellebrite. Here's the purchase order from Monday:

https://www.fpds.gov/ezsearch/fpdspo...ED_DATE&desc=Y

Attachment 23502
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Old 03-24-2016, 05:31 PM   #394
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I wonder what they're paying the 14-year old kid who will show them how to use the software.
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Old 03-24-2016, 05:35 PM   #395
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It is true that there is not enough man power to listen to all the conversations of the suspects that they may have justified causes for surveillance.

The information collected on a phone can help the investigation even if it is obtained after the fact. The history of phone calls, the numbers called etc..., can help determine the connection between the culprits, the different cells, their modus operandi, their movements, etc...

Recall the metadata that the NSA got into trouble for collecting? Metadata is not phone conversation. It is just what number calls which number, at what time, etc... And nobody can look at all those records even in real time. It is only after something happens that they are going to go back and look at the records trying to sort things out. I don't think they are allowed to do that anymore.
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Old 03-24-2016, 05:52 PM   #396
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They can get all the call data and SMS data from the phone company.

This is about FBI testing to see if they can force Apple to do their bidding, so that they can keep forcing them whenever.
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Old 03-25-2016, 08:46 AM   #397
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I heard that Apple is insisting on the FBI divulging their source for the hacking software (so they can close its loophole).
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Old 03-25-2016, 10:48 AM   #398
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I heard that Apple is insisting on the FBI divulging their source for the hacking software (so they can close its loophole).
That's funny. Apple wants to be seen to be doing something (even if they already know the vulnerability, it makes sense to claim they don't). Some company is going to make a lot of money by playing this public perception game with Apple.
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Old 03-25-2016, 10:54 AM   #399
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For folks still following this story, it looks like the FBI simply purchased the latest forensic recovery software from Cellebrite. Here's the purchase order from Monday:

https://www.fpds.gov/ezsearch/fpdspo...ED_DATE&desc=Y

Attachment 23502
Revenge is a dish served cold. Looks like the FBI is looking to be able to recover anything thing anytime in the future.
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Old 03-25-2016, 11:11 AM   #400
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Was listening to a New Yorker podcast about the Brussels attacks.

Counterintelligence was surveilling communications but there was so much chatter, it was impossible for them to sort through which ones were worth following through.

They said some 38000 foreign fighters joined ISIS, 7500 of those from Europe.

Meanwhile, Belgium Interior minister has offered his resignation in the wake of revelations that Turkey had warned Belgium about the suspects awhile back and they didn't take actions.

But they've made more arrests and French police have arrested more suspects near Paris.

All without cracking one iPhone!
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