"Another way to look at this is that we’ve produced a great health care system for rich people, but we forgot to make most Americans rich!"
Actually, we've produced a great health care system for people who get insurance through their employers.
One problem I have with many gov't statistics is that they only look at a piece of the issue. For example, median household income looks at cash earnings only; in my mind, the income should include the value of employer paid benefits.
Looking at it that way, and presuming the employer is paying all of the health care (may not be the case), a household making the median of $52k with an employer paid health of $21k is actually earning $73k.
Now, this doesn't make the household any better off, but a) it would be a more appropriate base to compare households, especially over time; b) it's like earning $73k and getting a $21k off the top deduction for taxes and c) perhaps more interestingly, would enable us to see just how total employer compensation has grown over time (addressing the issue of employers not raising wages).
That $21k is $10/hour. Not insignificant. And since it is in the form of a benefit, it applies to all those in the same class (employee + spouse + child): an employee making $30k a year gets the $21k benefit and the $150k employee gets the $21k benefit.
[This is part of the hurdle of fixed costs to employment.]
Going on a tangent, it also seems odd to me that we, as a nation, can discriminate in total compensation based upon "medical class": a single person's company paid health care may be 50% of the married person's paid health care.