Yes, if you opted to take only a percentage (or none) of the premium subsidy in advance and your actual income matches your estimate you will receive the remainder of the subsidy when you reconcile your 2017 tax return in early 2018. This increases your refund or reduces the tax due.
If your actual income is a little lower, you will receive the remainder plus an additional subsidy amount.
If you underestimated your income and have to pay back some of the advanced subsidy, there are repayment limits. The limits are in the chart in this link. Advanced Tax Credit Repayment Limits - Obamacare Facts
Note that if your actual income is over 400% FPL, you repay the entire premium subsidy which could lead to an underpayment of estimated tax penalty if you do not take steps to avoid this.
Premium Tax Credit. You may be eligible to claim the premium tax credit (PTC). Advance payment of the PTC may be made through the Marketplace directly to your insurance provider. If you received premium assistance through advance payments of the PTC, and the amount advanced exceeded the amount of PTC you can take, you could be subject to a penalty for underpaying your estimated tax.